Tag Archives: lettuce

Taken Over By Dirt

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how to keep your garlic fresh: put it in dirt and forget about it (except for water)

LETTUCE FAILURE

The last couple weeks have been packed with seemingly insignificant progress. While I learned that the best and easiest way to keep garlic fresh is to sprout it, I haven’t had time to make a grow light, or construct an organizational scheme for the planting. In the mean time, as seen below, my lettuce plants are suffering.  According to several online sources, they are “too leggy” and this is apparently caused by lack of proper lighting.

leggy lettuce display 1

leggy lettuce display 2

Also, as you can see, cut in half, gallon milk-jugs with holes sliced in the bottom make excellent medium table pots (and are readily available throughout the neighborhood on recycling day).

Lettuce Lessons Learned

  1. Do not attempt to grow lettuce indoors without a grow light or excellent windows.
  2. They sprout exceptionally well, so there is no real need to put them in a starter cell and then transplant them through various containers. In fact, this is more likely the damage their extremely thin roots than to help them. Just throw 1 seed in a medium bin of dirt (the cut in half milk-jug is just about perfect), water it for two days, and watch it sprout nearly 100% of the time.

WORMS

In other news, I solved my worm bin problem (they were all crawling out at night and dying on the kitchen floor). I bought a very fine mesh cloth for $2 and it seems that the worms are incapable of crawling on it. Since putting this in, not one worm has been found crawling up the sides.

worm bin tutu

A side note: it’s taking a while to get the European Nightcrawlers to eat regular kitchen scrap compost. They wouldn’t touch it to begin with, so I started covering it in this “worm food” I bought from the worm dealer (which appears to be some sort of grain ground into fine flakes) and mixing this whole concoction with finely crushed egg shells. As soon as I added the egg shells, the garbage started disappearing.

Important Recommendations Based on Experience with Nightcrawlers so Far

  1. Give them finely crushed egg shells with each new feeding
  2. Place the food on the surface and don’t mix it in. First of all, European Nightcrawlers are especially sensitive to the acidity of the soil and you may unwittingly be throwing it off for them when you mix it in. Secondly, they are surface feeders and naturally come to the top to feed and mate. Third, you don’t want to overfeed these little guys and the only way to make sure you aren’t putting too much in there at once is to keep it all where you can watch it.
  3. The majority of the food should be grains or non-acidic foods, such as green vegetables. You can feed them used coffee grounds and coffee filters (also on the surface) BUT make sure to mix egg shells in with this stuff and to keep it on the surface!
  4. Keep the soil moist by dampening it morning and night when you first get them. My bin drains really well, which seems to be working out for the worms- I haven’t found one dead worm since the great escape.  But this means it also dries out within a day and a half. Which brings me to my next point.
  5. Keep a large bucket of water that was drawn at least 24 hours before use next to the worm bin (the chlorine in tap water kills off the bacteria that help your worms do their job and enhance your soil. Letting the water sit out overnight allows the chemical to evaporate). Use this on the worm bin and your plants. Most likely, you will find that some of it collects in the container under your worm bin after draining through and under your plants. Collect this before anyone or anything is flooded and dump it back in the bucket. Over time, this water will turn into worm tea and you will already be in the habit of using it on everything. In addition, you wont have to refill the bucket more than once a week if you’re like me and have a fairly small indoor operation taking place.

MORE SEED REVIEWS AND A PLEASANT SURPRISE

A wonderful man in Oregon sent me these and five other packets of various seed types thanks to the seed exchange site (which I linked onto here a while back)

Seed Review

I ordered broccoli, pearl onions, and two-star loose-leaf lettuce off of the Territorial Seed company website. So far, I’ve only had time to plant the broccoli, but it immediately sprouted! By the way, these are open-pollinated seeds (all of the ones I purchased from this company). I’ve also received my seed order from Sustainable Seed Company, but have not had time or resources to plant any. This should change in about two more weeks and I’ll have more to update with.

Territorial Seeds. The website sells them for less than the price listed on the packet.

Sustainable Seed Co.

Seed Brand Reviews and Transplanting

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This page will include:

  • Transplanting pictures
  • seed brand reviews

TRANSPLANTING 

I plant one seed per planter well according to the planting depth instructions on the back of the packet, soak the cell with lukewarm water, put the clear plastic top on, and wait. When the seedlings can touch the plastic cover or it’s very likely that they will within 4 hours, I transplant them into larger containers where they’ll be exposed to regular air for the first time. Before this exposure, they don’t usually develop a waxy protective coat around their stalk, so it’s important that you don’t just go from the sprouting container into the ground if you decide to transplant into an outdoor garden.

1.  I like this type of planter because the cheap plastic it’s made out of folds in easily when gentle pressure is applied to the bottom. Here I’m gently grasping the base of the plant’s stalk and applying very slight pressure up while pushing the bottom up as well. This causes the whole well of dirt and all of the roots that have grown out of the cell to gently slide out with the plant.

2.  As you can see, the little bit of root that had grown past the dirt well and the entire well’s worth of dirt came with the plant. This is ideal. We want the majority of the root protected by the soil it’s used to. I am supporting the soil clump with the rest of my hand that you can’t see.

3. Prior to removing the seedling from its original well, I’d filled this container full of potting soil and then stuck my fingers in to create a well in the center to place it in. After removing the plant with the well dirt as shown above, I place it into the space I created and gently pack some dirt around it. I then place it in the seed tray with the other transplants, water from top with lukewarm water until they’re dripping out the bottom and add a little water in the bottom of each well to ensure they wont run dry in the midst of their main growth spurt.

SEED BRAND FEEDBACK

I hate to do this, but I’m quickly realizing that not all seed brands are created equal. In fact, the ones I bought from Walmart have been disappointing me so far.

1. BURPEE seeds. These are the ones that have proven disappointing so far. In the last 5 days, I’ve planted 48 BURPEE seeds. So far, 1 out of 18 spinach seeds have sprouted. This one has now grown to three inches. Unfortunately, my bird took a bite off the top, so I doubt we’ll be able to see how much farther it would have gone. 1 of the 6 squash I planted sprouted, and 4 beans of the 12 I planted have sprouted. All of these plants sprouted by the third day and have already been transplanted. All of the other cells remain dormant. I will update this *hopefully*, if more sprout.

2. Livingston Seed Co. (look on back of package in bottom left-hand corner) seeds. Once again, I’m pretty underwhelmed. 2 out of 18 peas planted 5 days ago have sprouted. The rest is the same as above.

3. Bean seeds from bulk dried goods section at grocery store. I planted these as an experiment for kicks and giggles. Basically, I’d bought bulk kidney and bean-soup beans from my local grocery store about a year ago and they haven’t made it into my belly yet. These had the second best/fastest germination rate. 9 of the 12 seeds I planted 5 days ago have already been transplanted and one of them is 5 inches tall! It turns out dried food goods work better as seeds than seed packet.

4. Bentley seeds. I planted these yesterday and today 10 of the 13 seeds I planted have sprouted! These (red lettuce) were bought from a little stand at the grocery store for $0.50 a packet and I expected BURPEE to outperform these by a lot!